NEWS FROM THE US
NEWS FROM THE UNITED STATES
BY KRISTEN WRIGHT
EDITOR IN CHIEF, PEI
Kristen Wright is editor in chief of the PEI Journal. Reach her at
firstname.lastname@example.org. The Petroleum Equipment Institute is a trade
association whose more than 1,600 member companies in 80-
plus countries manufacture, distribute and service petroleum
marketing and liquid handling equipment.
Electric vehicle adoption in Kansas City
outpaces rates in big cities on the coasts,
attributed partly to an electric utility’s installation
of charging stations. Skimming
remains a major pain for fuel retailers.
U.S. cities aren’t prepared for an upcoming
influx of EVs. More than half of states
have exceeded the “blend wall.” Fewer
convenience stores are selling fuel. And a
California Legislature bill calls for a 2040
ban on selling new cars with internal combustion
Kansas City outpaces costal cities in EV
The adoption rate of plug-in electric vehicles
(EVs) in middle-America Kansas City
outpaced those of larger, greener-leaning
coastal cities from mid-2016 to the third
quarter of 2017, according to electric utility
Kansas City Power & Light Co (KCP&L).
Three years ago, 800 EVs were registered
with the city. KCP&L decided then to install
1,000 EV charging stations in the metro
area, which straddles two states: Kansas
and Missouri. The utility states the number
of registered EVs in Kansas City today is
nearly 2,500, powered by some 1,200 public
charging stations. For comparison, middle
of-the-country Chicago has fewer than
300 public charging stations.
KCP&L invested in the charging stations
with the hope that state regulators would approve
recovery of some $20 million. So far
regulators in both states have turned down
the recovery requests.
California bill calls for 2040 ban on new
internal combustion engine vehicles
A bill introduced in January in the California
Legislature calls for every new passenger
vehicle sold in the state to emit zero
exhaust emissions by 2040. If passed, the
Clean Cars 2040 Act would ban the sale of
new cars with internal combustion engines
beginning Jan. 1, 2040.
A zero-emissions vehicle (ZEV), according
to the bill’s definition, “cannot produce
exhaust emissions of any criteria pollutant
or greenhouse gas under any operational
mode or condition.” Battery-powered EVs
and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles would qualify
as ZEVs under that definition.
Report: Lack of charging stations hold
back electric vehicle adoption
A new report called “Plugging In: Readying
America’s Cities for the Arrival of Electric
Vehicles” states U.S. cities are unprepared
for an upcoming influx of EV adoption. According
to the joint report by Illinois PIRG
Education Fund and Frontier Group, U.S.
cities will need 1 to 5.2 public fast charging
stations per 1,000 EVs.
Skimming steals spotlight at NCWM
Credit card skimmers remain a problem,
according to speakers during The National
Conference on Weights and Measures
(NCWM) 2018 Interim Meeting in January.
Enforcement officials from Florida led technical
presentations and conducted a field
trip to search for the dangerous devices at a
participating service station.
In 2017, inspectors located and removed
654 skimmers in Florida. According to the
National Crime Victimization Survey, the
average skimmer captures 100 credit card
numbers and $1,000 on each card. Those
numbers equate to more than $65 million in
skimmer fraud in Florida in 2017.
Cellular skimmers capture and transmit
credit card data in real time. Once a device
is placed, thieves collect the data remotely.
During the interim meeting, Florida
regulators introduced a proposal to require
additional safeguards against unauthorized
dispenser access, making it more difficult to
install skimmers. The proposal was referred
to committee for further development.
Two other proposals appear headed to a
vote during the NCWM annual meeting.
One is designed to clarify E15 dispenser
labeling requirements. Federal Trade Commission
guidelines consider E15 a flex fuel,
but the Environmental Protection Agency
classifies the blend as gasoline.
The other proposal would require every
retail fuel receipt to identify the dispenser
used for the transaction, in addition to the
price per gallon and number of gallons dispensed.
The change would help weights
and measures officials check payment systems
at sites more easily. Fuel customers
also would be able to quickly confirm accuracy
of their receipts.
Ethanol exceeds ‘blend wall’
Ethanol in the U.S. transportation fuel supply
surpassed the hypothetical 10 percent
blend wall in 2016, according to the Energy
The 10.02 percent nationwide average for
2016 compares with 9.91 percent in 2015.
Minnesota reported the highest ethanol percentage
at 12.4 percent. Iowa was second:
11.4 percent. Texas passed the blend wall
for the first time at 10.4 percent. Thirty states
and the District of Columbia reported ethanol
content greater than 10 percent.
Fewer c-stores sell fuel
There are more U.S. convenience stores,
but fewer are selling motor fuel, according
to the latest NACS/Nielsen Convenience Industry
The survey shows a record 154,958
C-stores were in operation at the end of
2017, up 0.3 percent (423 stores) from 2016.
The number of locations that sell fuel, however,
dropped 1 percent to 122,552. The
study attributes the decrease to two emerging
trends: More retailers are focusing on
in-store food service, and more stores are
walk-up stores in urban areas.
18 erpecnews is published by McLean Events, Conferences and Media Ltd.